The goal of this project is to answer the following research questions:

1) Does developing DR capabilities within a building generally lead to more or less efficient buildings (over periods of years)?

2) Does implementing EE strategies within a building generally lead to more or less demand response capacity from those buildings (over periods of years)?

3) Do buildings providing grid services via load shifting consume more energy (over the day) than they would have if not providing services?


If so, what are the expected long-term energy impacts? The key outcomes are the establishment of comprehensive long-term DR/efficiency trends; assessment of the system-wide cost, efficiency, and emissions associated with DR; add-ons/extensions to commercial building software models that capture the trends; and a variety of reports, papers, and software documenting our models, methods, and results.

Team Member(s): Abigail Andrews

Collaborator(s): Prof. Johanna Mathieu (EECS, Michigan), Prof. Ian Hiskens (EECS, Michigan) and Prof. Jeremiah Johnson (CCE, North Carolina State)

Partners: Grid Integration, Systems, and Mobility (GISMo) Group at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory 

Funder(s): Department of Energy - Building Technologies Office (BTO)